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Introduction

Hindi is a direct descendant of Sanskrit through Prakrit and Apabhramsha. It has been influenced and enriched by Dravidian, Turkish, Parsian, Arabic, Portugese and English. It is a very expressive language. In poetry and songs, it can convey emotions using simple and gentle words. It can also be used for exact and rational reasoning. Hindi belongs to the India group of the Indo-lranian sub-family of the Indo-European family of languages. It is our official language. It is written in the Devanāgarī alphabet. More than 180 million people in India regard Hindi as their mother tongue. Another 300 million use it as second language. Outside India, Hindi speakers are 100,000 in USA; 685,170 in Mauritius; 890,292 in South Africa; 232,760 in Yemen; 147,000 in Uganda; 5,000 in Singapore; 8 million in Nepal; 20,000 in New Zealand; 30,000 in Germany.
 
 
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